Six types of cause

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The six types of cause (Wyl. rgyu drug) are the basis on which all conditioned things arise. They are:

  1. Acting causes (byed pa'i rgyu) are like the seed to its sprout. This is the general trait of all types of causes.
  2. Cooperating causes (lhan cig 'byung ba'i rgyu) are things that mutually uphold one another, like tent-poles in tipi supporting each other.
  3. Causes similar to their result (skal pa mnyam pa'i rgyu) when cause and effect are of similar kind, as for example, virtue arising from a virtuous frame of mind or barley growing from barley.
  4. Concurrent causes (mtshungs par ldan pa'i rgyu) correspond only to consciousness and mental states which are concurrent in five ways. They are a type of cooperating causes.
  5. Omnipresent causes (kun tu 'gro ba'i rgyu) --here "omnipresent" referring to disturbing emotions, it is just another way of talking about production by phenomena mixed with disturbing emotions.
  6. Causes of karmic ripening (rnam par smin pa'i rgyu) which produce pleasurable and painful experiences in samsara. They refer only to tainted virtue or nonvirtue.

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