Teaching the Five Perfections

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Teaching the Five Perfections (Skt. Pañcapāramitānirdeśa; Tib. ཕ་རོལ་ཏུ་ཕྱིན་པ་ལྔ་བསྟན་པ།, Wyl. pha rol tu phyin pa lnga bstan pa) is a compilation of five short sutras that each present the practice of one of the five perfections in which bodhisattvas train on the path of the Great Vehicle: generosity, discipline, patience, diligence, and concentration. These five perfections embody the skilful methods of the bodhisattva path, and, as these sutras show, they should always be combined with an understanding of the state of omniscience, the sixth perfection of insight that is supposed to permeate the practice of the first five perfections. The teachings are delivered by the Buddha as well as two of his close disciples, Sharadvatiputra and Purṇa Maitrayaniputra, who both teach the five perfections inspired by the Buddha’s blessing.[1]


The Tibetan translation of this sutra can be found in the General Sutra section of the Tibetan Kangyur, Toh 181.


  1. 84000 Translating the Words of the Buddha.