Difference between revisions of "Ten topics of knowledge"

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'''The ten topics of knowledge''' are listed in the ''[[Madhyantavibhanga]]'' of [[Maitreya]]:
'''The ten topics of knowledge''' ([[Wyl.]] ''mkhas par bya ba'i gnas bcu'') are listed in the ''[[Madhyantavibhanga]]'' of [[Maitreya]]:
#[[Aggregates]] (Skt. ''skandha'')
#[[Eighteen dhatus|Elements]]<br>
#[[Eighteen dhatus|Elements]] (Skt. ''dhātu'')
#[[Twelve ayatanas|Sense sources]]<br>
#[[Twelve ayatanas|Sense sources]] (Skt. ''āyatana'')
#[[Dependent origination]]<br>
#[[Dependent origination]] (Skt. ''pratītyasamutpāda'')
#The correct and the incorrect<br>
#The correct and the incorrect (Skt. ''sthānāsthāna'')
#The faculties<br>
#The faculties (Skt. ''indriya'')
#Time (Skt. ''adhvan'')
#The truths (i.e., the [[four noble truths]] and [[two truths]])
#The truths (i.e., the [[four noble truths]] and [[two truths]]) (Skt. ''satya'')
#The vehicles<br>
#The vehicles (Skt. ''yāna'')
#The conditioned and the unconditioned<br>
#The conditioned and the unconditioned (Skt. ''saṁskṛta-asaṁskṛta'')
==Antidotes to the Ten Views of Self==
==Antidotes to the Ten Views of Self==

Revision as of 20:04, 4 November 2010

The ten topics of knowledge (Wyl. mkhas par bya ba'i gnas bcu) are listed in the Madhyantavibhanga of Maitreya:

  1. Aggregates (Skt. skandha)
  2. Elements (Skt. dhātu)
  3. Sense sources (Skt. āyatana)
  4. Dependent origination (Skt. pratītyasamutpāda)
  5. The correct and the incorrect (Skt. sthānāsthāna)
  6. The faculties (Skt. indriya)
  7. Time (Skt. adhvan)
  8. The truths (i.e., the four noble truths and two truths) (Skt. satya)
  9. The vehicles (Skt. yāna)
  10. The conditioned and the unconditioned (Skt. saṁskṛta-asaṁskṛta)

Antidotes to the Ten Views of Self

These ten are said to be antidotes to ten views of the self. As the root text of the Madhyantavibhanga says:

Single, the cause and consumer,
The agent and in control,
The owner and permanent,
Afflicted and then purified,
Possessor of yoga, unfree and then freed--
These are ten views of self.
(gcig dang rgyu dang za ba dang
byed pa dang ni dbang bsgyur dang
bdag po’I don dang rtag pa dang
nyon mongs pa dang dag pa’i gnas
rnal ‘byor can dang ma grol grol
‘di dag la ni bdag tu lta)

Other Similar Lists

In the Avatamsaka Sutra six topics of knowledge are mentioned, i.e. aggregates, elements, sense sources, dependent origination (known collectively as the four gates to the truth), the correct and the incorrect and the truths.

In the Sutra of Inexhaustible Intelligence there is mention of eight topics: time is mentioned instead of the correct and the incorrect, and the vehicles and the conditioned and unconditioned are also mentioned.

Further Reading

These ten topics are explained in detail in Mipham Rinpoche's Khenjuk.