The Ornament of the Mahayana Sutras

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Maitreya

The Ornament of the Mahayana Sutras (Skt. Mahāyānasūtrālaṅkāra; Tib. ཐེག་པ་ཆེན་པོའི་མདོ་སྡེའི་རྒྱན་, Tekpa Chenpö Do Dé Gyen, Wyl. theg pa chen po'i mdo sde’i rgyan; Trad. Chin. 大乘莊嚴經論) — one of the Five Treatises of Maitreya. It is included among the so-called "Thirteen great texts", which form the core of the curriculum in most shedras and on which Khenpo Shenga provided commentaries.

Outline

The text has twenty-one chapters (Tib. ལེའུ་, le’u):

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  1. Chapter One
  2. Establishing the Mahayana
  3. Refuge
  4. Gotra (Tib. རིགས་, rigs)
  5. Bodhicitta (Tib. སེམས་བསྐྱེད་, sems bskyed)
  6. Accomplishment/Practice (Tib. སྒྲུབ་པ་, sgrub pa)
  7. Suchness (Tib. དེ་ཁོ་ན་ཉིད་, de kho na nyid)
  8. Power (Tib. མཐུ་, mthu)
  9. Complete Maturation (Tib. ཡོངས་སུ་སྨིན་པ་, yongs su smin pa)
  10. Awakening (Tib. བྱང་ཆུབ་, byang chub)
  11. Aspiration (Tib. མོས་པ་, mos pa)
  12. Thorough Investigation (Tib. ཡོངས་སུ་ཚོལ་བ་, yongs su tshol ba)
  13. Explication (Tib. བཤད་པ་, bshad pa)
  14. Practice (Tib. སྒྲུབ་པ་, sgrub pa)
  15. Subsequent Teaching of the Instructions (Tib. གདམས་ངག་རྗེས་སུ་བསྟན་པ་, gdams ngag rjes su bstan pa)
  16. Skillful Activity (Tib. ཐབས་དང་ལྡན་པའི་ལས་, thabs dang ldan pa’i las)
  17. The paramitas and means of attraction (Tib. བསྡུ་པ་, bsdu ba)
  18. Offering, Reliance, and Boundless Attitudes (Tib. མཆོད་པ་དང་བསྟེན་པ་དང་ཚད་མེད་པ་, mchod pa dang bsten pa dang tshad med pa)
  19. The [thirty-seven] Harmonies with Enlightenment (Tib. བྱང་ཆུབ་ཀྱི་ཕྱོགས་དང་མཐུན་པ་, byang chub kyi phyogs dang mthun pa)
  20. Enlightened Qualities (Tib. ཡོན་ཏན་, yon tan)
  21. Conduct and Consummation (Tib. སྤྱོད་པ་དང་མཐར་ཐུག་པ་, spyod pa dang mthar thug pa)

Quotations

སྦྱིན་པ་མི་མཐུན་ཕྱོགས་རྣམས་དང་། །

རྣམ་པར་མི་རྟོག་ཡེ་ཤེས་ལྡན། །
འདོད་པ་ཐམས་ཅད་ཡོངས་རྫོགས་བྱེད། །

སེམས་ཅན་རྣམ་སྨིན་བྱེད་རྣམ་གསུམ། །

Generosity in which adverse factors have disappeared,
Endowed with wisdom that is non-conceptual,
Completely fulfills all wishes,
And brings all beings to maturity at the three levels.

Maitreya, Ornament of Mahāyāna Sūtras, XVII, 8


བཤེས་གཉེན་དུལ་བ་ཞི་ཞིང་ཉེར་ཞི་བ། །

ཡོན་ཏན་ལྷག་པ་བརྩོན་བཅས་ལུང་གིས་ཕྱུག །
དེ་ཉིད་རབ་ཏུ་རྟོགས་པ་སྨྲ་མཁས་ལྡན། །

བརྩེ་བའི་བདག་ཉིད་སྐྱོ་བ་སྤངས་ལ་བསྟེན། །

One should follow a spiritual teacher who is disciplined, peaceful, serene,
Endowed with special qualities, diligent, rich in scriptural learning,
Highly realized concerning the nature of reality, skilled in speaking,
The embodiment of love, and indefatigable.

Maitreya, Ornament of Mahāyāna Sūtras, XVII, 10


Tibetan Text

Translations

English

  • Asanga, Universal Vehicle Discourse Literature Mahayanasutralamkara (Treasury of the Buddhist Sciences), American Institute of Buddhist Studies, 2004
  • Asanga & Jamgön Mipham. A Feast of the Nectar of the Supreme Vehicle: An Explanation of the Ornament of the Mahayana Sutras, Maitreya's Mahāyānasūtrālaṅkāra with a commentary by Jamgön Mipham, Padmakara Translation Group (Shambhala, 2018)
  • Maitreya. Ornament of the Great Vehicle Sutras: Maitreya’s Mahayanasutralamkara with Commentaries by Khenpo Shenga and Ju Mipham. Dharmachakra Translation Committee (Shambhala Publications, 2014) ISBN 978-1559394284

French

  • S. Levi, Mahāyāna Sūtrālaṅkāra. Exposé de la doctrine du grand véhicule selon le système Yogācāra, Honoré Champion, Paris, 1911

External Links