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The Three Roots (Tib. ཙ་བ་གསུམ་, tsawa sum; Wyl. rtsa ba gsum) are:
According to the Vajrayana,
As it says in the Longchen Nyingtik Ngöndro Refuge:
- "Buddha, Dharma and Sangha are in reality lama, yidam and khandro."
Three Roots Practices
- the practice of the lama, which is the root of all blessings,
- the practice of the yidam, which is the root of attainment, or accomplishment,
- the practice of the dakini (Tib. khandro), which is the root of inspiration or activity.
For Rigpa students, the focus for the Three Roots practice is:
- the lama practice of Rigdzin Düpa;
- the yidam practice of Yang Nying Pudri; and
- the dakini practice of Yumka Dechen Gyalmo.
- Chökyi Drakpa, A Torch for the Path to Omniscience
- For further explanations on how the Three Roots are in reality the Three Jewels, see Yukhok Chatralwa Chöying Rangdrol, Taking Refuge in his Ngöndro Compendium, and Khenpo Ngawang Palzang, A Guide to the Words of My Perfect Teacher (Boston: Shambhala, 2004), pages 122-123.