Rigdzin Düpa

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Thangka of Rigdzin Düpa, courtesy of Dodrupchen Rinpoche

Rigdzin Düpa (Tib. རིག་འཛིན་འདུས་པ་, Wyl. rig 'dzin 'dus pa), 'The Gathering of Vidyadharas,' is the inner lama practice from the Longchen Nyingtik, the terma revelation of Jikmé Lingpa.

The Mandala of Rigdzin Düpa

At the centre of the mandala is Guru Rinpoche in union with Mandarava. Above his head is Garab Dorje and Samantabhadra. He is surrounded by the eight vidyadharas who are in essence the eight deities of Kagyé:

They are all surrounded by all the vidyadharas of India and Tibet and the twenty-five disciples and yidam deities, dakas, dakinis and dharma protectors.

Texts of the Rigdzin Dupa Cycle

  • The Gathering of Vidyādharas, the Inner Sādhana from the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse, (ཀློང་ཆེན་སྙིང་གི་ཐིག་ལེ་ལས་ནང་སྒྲུབ་རིག་འཛིན་འདུས་པ།,klong chen snying gi thig le las nang sgrub rig ‘dzin ‘dus pa), revealed by Jikme Lingpa.
    • English translation: The Assemblage of Vidyadharas of Long-Chen Nying-Thig, translated by Tulku Thondup (Gangtok, 1980, revised 1991).
    • English translation: The Gathering of Vidyādharas, the Inner Sādhana from the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse (incomplete) Rigpa Translations
    • English translation: LotsawaHouse-tag.png The Inner Practice of the Vidyādhara Assembly (Rigdzin Düpa), from the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse, translated by Han Kop and Adam Pearcey for the Longchen Nyingtik Project.
    • Colophon: Ema! This mind treasure, which contains the quintessence of the treasures, resounded as vajra music in symbolic script in the palace of the luminous expanse of all-pervading space. I thought to seal it in my heart and conceal it, yet, prompted by the signs of vidyādhara ḍākinīs, I set it down for the benefit of followers with karmic fortune. Conceal it in your heart! Samaya.
  • Dazzling Key Points: The Vidhādharas' Manual of Concealed Instructions, from the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse (gab byang - klong chen snying gi thig le las/ gab byang gnad kyi mig tshag), revealed by Jikme Lingpa.
  • The Lute of the Gandharvas: A Garland of Offerings of the Sixteen Vajra Goddesses (mchod phreng - rdo rje'i lha mo bcu drug gi mchod phreng dri za'i rgyud mang), revealed by Jikme Lingpa.
  • The Vase of Immortal Life: The Long Life Practice (Tsedrup) of the Vidyādharas, from the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse (tshe sgrub - klong chen snying gi thig le las rig 'dzin tshe sgrub bdud rtsi bum bcud, revealed by Jikme Lingpa. (In here one also finds the Tsé Guk, the summoning of longevity)
    • English translation (partly): “The Vase of Immortal Life”——Tsédrup: the Long Life Practice of the Vidyādharas, Rigpa Translations.
  • Vajra Blessings: A Self-initiation for the Guru Practice Assembly of the Awareness Holders, from the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse (bdag 'jug - klong chen snying gi thig le las/ bla ma rig 'dzin 'dus pa'i bdag 'jug rdo rje'i byin 'bebs), by Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche.
  • A Treasury of Accomplishments: A Framework for a Practice Intensive of the Maṇḍala of the Awareness Holders' Heart Practice, from the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse, by Dodrupchen Rinpoche, (klong snying rig 'dzin thugs sgrub dang 'brel ba'i dkyil 'khor sgrub mchod kyi khog dbub dngos grub gter mdzod)
  • A Lake of Enjoyment [Fulfilling] All Wishes Related to the Two Accomplishments: A Framework for an Elaborate Accomplishment Practice of the Three Roots, of the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse (sgrub khog - klong chen snying gi thig le'i rtsa ba gsum gyi spros bcas sgrub mchod rgyas pa'i khog phub grub gnyis 'dod dgu'i rol mtsho), by Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche.
  • A Small Addendum to Accomplish Amṛta for the Awareness Holders Assembly (starting with dividing the maṇḍala house) (rig 'dus bdud rtsi chig sgrub) (Longchen Nyingtik Root Volumes, Vol 4, p.77/78)

- Additional Texts according to Dodrupchen's tradition

  • Blessing the Offering Substances (mchod rdzas byin rlabs)
  • Blessing the Activity Vase with Bhurkuṃkūṭa (las bum dme brtsegs bsgrub pa )
  • Longchen Nyingtik Preliminary Torma Drum Tradition (rnga chog skabs sngon gtor)
  • Offering the White Torma According to the Bell Tradition (dril chog skabs dkar gtor)
  • Longchen Nyingtik Obstructors Torma (bgegs gtor)
  • Rigdzin Düpa Amṛta Offering (rig 'dus sman mchod)
  • Supplementary Text for the Mantra Recitation ('dzab nyer mkho)
  • The Wish-fulfilling King of Power Who Spontaneously Accomplishes the Two Aims: A Method for Bestowing the Long-life Empowerment for 'The Long Life Practice of the Awareness Holders: The Vase of Immortal Life' (rig 'dzin tshe dbang - rig 'dzin tshe sgrub bdud rtsi bum bcud kyi tshe dbang bskur thabs don gnyis lhun grub yid bzhin dbang gi rgyal po), by Dodrupchen Jikme Trinle Özer.
  • Supplementary Texts for the Concluding Rituals (rjes chog nyer mkho bzhugs)

- Empowerment Texts

  • The King’s Coronation Kamandalu Vase Root Empowerment, the Inner Enabling Empowerment, from the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse (rtsa dbang - klong chen snying gi thig le las/ rtsa dbang rgyal thabs spyi blugs/ nang nus pa 'jug pa'i dbang ngo'), revealed by Jikme Lingpa.
  • A Necklace of Lotus Flowers: An [Empowerment manual] which is Easy to Perform, Connected with the King’s Coronation Kamandalu Vase Root Empowerment, from the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse (rtsa dbang - klong chen snying gi thig le las/ rig 'dzin 'dus pa'i rtsa dbang rgyal thabs spyi blugs kyi mtshams sbyor khyer bdes brgyan pa pad+ma'i do shal), by Chimé Tennyi Yungdrung Lingpa Jamgön Kongtrul Lodrö Tayé.
  • A Garland of Ruby: The Empowerment for the Deities of the Assembly of Awareness Holders of the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse (lha dbang - klong snying rig 'dzin 'dus pa'i lha dbang pad+ma rA ga'i phreng ba), by Dodrupchen Jikme Trinle Özer.


  • Deathless Amṛta's Innermost Heart: Instructions For Times Such as When Accumulating The Long-life Empowerment of the Assembly of Awareness Holders (snying thig tshe dbang grangs gsog - rig 'dzin tshe dbang grangs gsog sogs kyi tshe nye bar bsdud pa 'chi med bdud rtsi'i yang snying), by Abhaya.
  • A Manual for Bestowing the Root Empowerment for the Assembly of Awareness Holders Composed by the Mahāsiddha Künzang Shyenphen (Dodrupchen Jikme Trinle Özer) (grub chen kun bzang gzhan phan gyis mdzad pa'i rig 'dzin rtsa ba'i dbang skur la mtshams sbyor nyung ngu rje bla mas mdzad pa)

Commentaries on Rigdzin Düpa

  • Crucial Points on the Visualisation of 'The Long Life Practice (Tsedrup) of the Vidyādharas' (tshe sgrub dmigs gnad - rig 'dzin tshe sgrub dmigs gnad gal mdo), by Jikme Lingpa.
    • English translation: The Crucial Points of Visualization for the Rigdzin Düpa Long-Life Practice, in Jigme Lingpa, Patrul Rinpoche, Khenpo Chemchok, and Jamgon Kongtrul Lodro Taye, The Gathering of Vidyadharas: Text and Commentaries on the Rigdzin Düpa, Translated by Gyurme Avertin (Boulder: Snow Lion, 2017).
  • Vase's Elixer of Immortal Life: An Explanation of the Empowerment of 'The Long Life Practice of the Vidyādharas' (tshe sgrub dbang bshad - tshe sgrub bdud rtsi bum bcud kyi dbang bshad), by Jikme Lingpa.
  • A Mirror Reflecting Clearly the Chöpön Activities for Rigdzin Düpa (nang bsgrubs rig ‘dzin ‘dus pa’i phyag len mthong gsal me long), by Patrul Rinpoche.
    • English Translation: A Mirror Reflecting Clearly the Chöpön Activities for Rigdzin Düpa, Rigpa Translations, 2007. (now published by Gyurme Avertin, see below)
    • English translation: A Clearly Reflecting Mirror, Chöpön Activities for the Rigdzin Düpa, the Inner Sadhana of the Longchen Nyingtik Cycle, in Jigme Lingpa, Patrul Rinpoche, Khenpo Chemchok, and Jamgon Kongtrul Lodro Taye, The Gathering of Vidyadharas: Text and Commentaries on the Rigdzin Düpa, Translated by Gyurme Avertin (Boulder: Snow Lion, 2017), page 169.
  • The Words of the Vidyadhara which Bestow the Majesty of Great Bliss: A Guide to the Assembly of Awareness Holders (rig ‘dzin ‘dus pa’i zin bris rig ‘dzin zhal lung bde chen dpal ster), by Khenpo Chechok Döndrup Tsal (aka Khenpo Chöchok).
    • English Translation: The Oral Agama on the Vidyādharas which Gloriously bestows Great Bliss, translated by John Newnham, 1990.
    • English Translation: The Words of the Vidyādhara which Bestow the Majesty of Great Bliss, Rigpa Translations, 2007.
    • English Translation: The Words of the Vidyadhara that Bestow the Majesty of Great Bliss, Notations on the Rigdzin Düpa, the Inner Sadhana for the Longchen Nyingtik Cycle, in The Gathering of Vidyadharas—Text and Commentaries on the Rigdzin Düpa, translated by Gyurmé Avertin (Boston & London: Shambhala, Sept. 2017)
  • The Light of the Sun and the Moon— Generation and Perfection Stages, Notes Explaining the Words of the Rigdzin Düpa, the Inner Sadhana of the Longchen Nyingtik Cycle (klong chen snying gi thig le las nang bsgrub rig 'dzin 'dus pa'i 'bru 'grel gyi zin bris bskyed rdzogs nyi zla'i 'od snang), by Khangsar Tenpé Wangchuk (aka Tulku Tenpo).
    • English translation: The Light of the Sun and the Moon— Generation and Perfection Stages, Notes Explaining the Words of the Rigdzin Düpa, the Inner Sadhana of the Longchen Nyingtik Cycle, in Jigme Lingpa, Patrul Rinpoche, Khenpo Chemchok, and Jamgon Kongtrul Lodro Taye, The Gathering of Vidyadharas: Text and Commentaries on the Rigdzin Düpa, Translated by Gyurme Avertin (Boulder: Snow Lion, 2017), page 95.
  • An Ocean of Siddhis: an All-encompassing Retreat Manual for the Assembly of Awareness Holders (rig 'dus bsnyen yig kun btus dngos grub rgya mtsho), by Lopön Thekchok Yeshe Dorje

Empowerments Given to the Rigpa Sangha

Mandala of Rigdzin Düpa, courtesy of Chatral Rinpoche

Teachings Given to the Rigpa Sangha

Notes

Further Reading

  • Tulku Thondup, Hidden Teachings of Tibet (Boston: Wisdom, reprint edition 1997), 'Appendix 2: Description of Empowerment of Rig dzin Dü pa'.