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Vajrasattva adorned with the thirteen ornaments of the perfect sambhogakaya

Sambhogakaya (Skt. saṃbhogakāya; Tib. ལོངས་སྐུ་, longku, Wyl. longs sku) is defined as a 'form body' (rupakaya) of a buddha, which appears only to bodhisattvas and is the basis for the arising of the nirmanakaya. It is adorned with the major signs and minor marks.

Sogyal Rinpoche writes:

Sambhogakaya is the dimension of complete enjoyment, the field of total plenitude, beyond dualistic limitations and beyond space and time.[1]

Alternative Translations

  • Buddha Body of Perfect Resource (Dorje & Coleman)


  1. The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying revised and updated edition (HarperSanFrancisco and London: Rider, 2002), page 347.

Further Reading

  • Thinley Norbu, The Small Golden Key (Shambhala Publications, 1999), ‘15. Saṃbhogakāya’.

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