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གཏན་ཚིགས། (Wyl. gtan tshigs) n. Pron.: tentsik

  • reason [Logic] [Epistemology]
  • Skt. हेतुः, hetu, Pron.: hetu. From Sanskrit: ‘impulse', motive, cause, cause of, reason for | [hetunā], [hetoḥ], [hetave], [hetau], ‘for a cause or reason ', ‘by reason of ', ‘on account of' [with gen. or comp., e.g. [mama hetoh] or [mad-dhetoh], ‘on account of me'] | [kam hetum] or [ko hetuh], ‘wherefore ?' ‘why ?' | [yato hetoḥ], ‘because ' | [anena hetunā] or [iti hetoḥ], ‘for this reason' | [mṛtyu-hetave], ‘in order to kill' | [hetur alaukikaḥ], ‘a supernatural cause' | ifc. [hetu] also = ‘having as a cause or motive', ‘caused or effected or actuated or attracted or impelled by', e.g. [karma-hetu], ‘caused by the acts [of a former existence]' | [māṃsa-hetu], ‘attracted by [the smell of] flesh' | [karma-phala-hetu], ‘impelled by [the expectation of] the consequences of any act' | a logical reason or dedaction or argument, the reason for an inference (esp. applied to the second member or Avayava of the five-membered syllogism, See [nyāya]) | logic (in general, See [hetuvidyā]) | (in gram.) the agent of the causal verb | (with Buddhists) primary cause (as opp. to [pratyaya], q.v.) | (with Paśupatas) that which causes the bondage of the soul, i.e. the external world and the senses | a means ([hetubhiḥ] ifc. ‘by means of') | mode, manner ([hetubhiḥ] ifc. ‘according to ') | price, cost | condition [Mahavyutpatti] [Sanskrit] MVP MW

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