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གྲངས་ཅན་པ། (Wyl. grangs can pa) n. Pron.: drangchenpa

  • Skt. Sāṃkhya. [Philosophical Tenets] [Non-Buddhist Schools]
  • Skt. Samkhya. 'enumerators' [Samkhya Tenets]
  • Skt. सांख्यः, sāṁkhya, Pron.: sankhya. From Sanskrit: fr. | numeral, relating to number | relating to number (in gram. as expressed by the case-terminations) | rational, or discriminative | one who calculates or discriminates well, (•esp.) an adherent of the Sāṃkhya doctrine | N. of a man | of the Vedic Ṛishi Atri | N. of Śiva | to some also m. | or true entities [twenty-three of which are evolved out of Prakṛiti 'the primordial Essence' or 'first-Producer'], viz. Buddhi, Ahaṃkāra, the five Tan-mātras, the five Mahā-bhūtas and Manas | the twenty-fifth being Purusha or Spirit | see | but wholly distinct from the twenty-four other | and is multitudinous, each separate Purusha by its union with Prakṛiti causing a separate creation out of Prakṛiti, the object of the philosophy being to effect the final liberation of the Purusha or Spirit from the fetters caused by that creation | the Yoga [»q.v.] branch of the Sāṃkhya recognizes a Supreme Spirit dominating each separate Purusha | the Tantras identify Prakṛiti with the wives of the gods, •esp. with the wife of Śiva | the oldest systematic exposition of the SS S S Śiva-pravacana and Tattva-samāsa, ascribed to the sage Kapila, are now thought to belong to as late a date as the 14th or 15th century or perhaps a little later [Mahavyutpatti] [Sanskrit] MVP MW

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