Completion particle, full stop, སླར་བསྡུ་, རྫོགས་ཚིག་

From Rigpa Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

WORK IN PROGRESS: the grammar articles are being edited for wiki publication. During editing, the content might be incomplete, out of sequence or even misleading.

Articles on Tibetan Grammar
1. Introduction
2. Formation of the Tibetan Syllable
3. Formation of the Tibetan Word
4. First case: ming tsam
5. agentive particle
6. Connective Particle
7. La don particles
8. La don particles—Notes
9. Originative case
10. Verbs
11. Verbs—Notes
12. Syntactic particles

by Stefan J. E.

Completion particle, full stop, སླར་བསྡུ་, རྫོགས་ཚིག་

This particle can come at the end of a section of related clauses, a quote or a sentence.

Spelling

The final letter of the last word is duplicated and placed as an extra syllable with an added  .

  • E.g. འདོད་དོ། །, འདུག་གོ །, བྱུང་ངོ༌། །, ཡིན་ནོ། །, ཐོབ་བོ། །, སྙམ་མོ། །, དགར་རོ། །, འཕེལ་ལོ། །, བྱས་སོ། །, གྱུརད་ཏོ། །.

In the case of the final letter འ་ the   is added to the འ་ of the word without a duplicated letter.

  • E.g. འདའ་ and འོ་ becomes འདའོ། །.

In the case of no postfix letter, མཐའ་མེད་, an འོ་ is added to the word.

  • E.g. འགྲོ་ and འོ་ becomes འགྲོའོ། །.


Example

དགེ་འདུན་ནི་ས་ཆེན་པ་ལ་གནས་པའི་བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའོ། །
sangha        bhumi        stay           bodhisattva
The sangha are the bodhisattvas, [who] reside on the bhumis.