Dependent nature

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Dependent nature (Skt. paratantra-svabhāva) ― the second of the three natures presented in the Mind Only school. Something that is dependent or other-dependent (Skt. paratantra; Tib. གཞན་དབང་, shyenwang, Wyl. gzhan dbang) exists only in and through dependence on another thing, so in this case, phenomena exist in dependence on the mind and its processes.[1]


  1. From an article by Jay L. Garfield on Vasubandhu’s Treatise on the Three Natures in Buddhist Philosophy: Essential Readings, Oxford University Press 2009, ISBN: 978-0-19-532817-2