Five ever-present mental states

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The five ever-present mental states (Skt. sarvatraga; Tib. ཀུན་འགྲོ་ལྔ་, Wyl. kun ‘gro lnga) are a set of five mental states among the fifty-one mental states, so-called because they always accompany the main mind. Without them, the main mind could not perceive any objects. They are:

  1. Sensation (Skt. vedanā; Tib. ཚོར་བ་)
  2. Perception (Skt. saṃjña; Tib. འདུ་ཤེས་)
  3. Intention (Skt. cetanā; Tib. སེམས་པ་)
  4. Contact (Skt. sparśa; Tib. རེག་བྱ་)
  5. Attention (Skt. manaskāra; Tib. ཡིད་བྱེད་)

Alternative Translations

  • ever-functioning subsidiary awarenesses (Alexander Berzin)
  • five ever-present factors