Four vidyadhara levels
- matured vidyadhara (Tib. namin rigdzin; Wyl. rnam smin rig 'dzin)
- vidyadhara with power over life (Tib. tsewang rigdzin; Wyl. tshe dbang rig 'dzin)
- mahamudra vidyadhara (Tib. chakchen rigdzin; Wyl. phyag chen rig 'dzin)
- spontaneously accomplished vidyadhara (Tib. lhundrup rigdzin; Wyl. lhun grub rig 'dzin)
Related to the Five Paths
According to Longchenpa:
- the matured vidyadhara is on the paths of accumulation and joining, which are known collectively as the stage of aspiring conduct;
- the vidyadhara with power over life has reached the path of seeing;
- the mahamudra vidyadhara is on the path of meditation and
- the spontaneously accomplished vidyadhara is on the path of no-more-learning.
Khenpo Ngakchung states:
- Those who have the ability to purify the ordinary body with the fire of concentration and transform it into a subtle body acquire the power of immortal life and are called vidyadharas with power over life.
- Those who have not been able to purify their bodies but whose minds have ripened into the deity’s body are known as matured vidyadharas.
- Those who are on the second to the ninth bhumis are mahamudra vidyadharas.
- Then, at the end of the path, at the moment buddhahood is reached, they are spontaneously accomplished vidyadharas.
- Jikmé Lingpa and Patrul Chökyi Wangpo, Deity, Mantra and Wisdom (Ithaca: Snow Lion, 2006), 'B. The Results of the Path Linked with the Four Knowledge Holders', pages 56-67—provides an outline of the way the results of the path, structured around the four stages of approach and accomplishment, are linked with the four vidyadhara levels.
- Tulku Thondup, Enlightened Journey (Boston: Shambhala, 1995), pages 218-221.