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Kumbhanda (Skt. kumbhāṇḍa; Tib. གྲུལ་བུམ་, drulbum, Wyl. grul bum) — a class of demons said to dwell in cemeteries. Norbu/Clemente (1995) says that they live in the sea and have human bodies with animal heads.[1] Virudhaka is sometimes named as the lord of the kumbhanda.


  1. Namkhai Norbu, Drung De'u and Bön, translated by Adriano Clemente, Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, 1995 p.248, n.10