The miraculous displays of the four ways of training (Tib. འདུལ་བ་བཞི་, Wyl. 'dul ba bzhi) are the dominion of nirmanakayas. They are:
- To train beings through the perfect deeds of their Body endowed with great merit, such as the twelve deeds (མཛད་པ་བཅུ་གཉིས་, mdzad pa bcu gnyis).
- Training beings with their Mind endowed with the direct perception of the great clear perceptions. They are the six clear perceptions (མངོན་ཤེས་དྲུག, mngon shes drug).
- Training beings through the great magical displays of their inconceivable Qualities and Activities. These are the various magical displays of actions with three secrets (གསང་གསུམ་, gsang gsum)—Body, Speech and Mind.
- Training through their Speech teaching the five vehicles, or their Speech teaching the Mahayana.
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