The miraculous displays of the four ways of training (Wyl. 'dul ba bzhi) are the dominion of nirmanakayas. They are:
- To train beings through the perfect deeds of their Body endowed with great merit, such as the twelve deeds (mdzad pa bcu gnyis).
- Training beings with their Mind endowed with the direct perception of the great clear perceptions. They are the six clear perceptions (mngon shes drug).
- Training beings through the great magical displays of their inconceivable Qualities and Activities. These are the various magical displays of actions with three secrets (gsang gsum)—Body, Speech and Mind.
- Training through their Speech teaching the five vehicles, or their speech teaching the Mahayana. The five vehicles are for gods, humans, shravaka and pratyekabuddhas, bodhisattvas, and the Secret Mantra.
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