Sentient beings (Skt. sattva; Tib. སེམས་ཆེན་, sem chen, Wyl. sems can) — all inhabitants of the three realms of samsara who possess a mind and transmigrate within the six classes of beings. Animate things, such as plants, which do not have a mind, are not 'sentient'.
- limited beings (Alexander Berzin)