Shamarpa (Tib. ཞྭ་དམར་པ་, Wyl. zhwa dmar pa) — one of the most prominent lineage holders of the Karma Kagyü school of Tibetan Buddhism, second only to the Karmapa himself. The first Shamarpa was the main disciple of the 3rd Karmapa, Rangjung Dorje (1284-1339), who presented him with the red crown, giving him the name Shamarpa ‘holder of the red crown’.
Since in 1792, during the life of the 10th Shamarpa, there was a ban on the Shamarpas’ enthronement. However, His Holiness the 16th Karmapa, sought consent from His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama and enthroned his nephew as the Shamarpa, taking him under his wing for the guidance of his body, speech and mind.
The 14th Shamarpa passed away in 2014.