Six methods of vocalization

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The six methods of vocalization (Tib. སྐད་ཀྱི་གདངས་དྲུག་, Wyl. skad kyi gdangs drug) are:

  1. rising (Tib. འདེགས་, Wyl. ‘degs)
  2. pausing (Tib. འཇོག་, Wyl. ‘jog)
  3. changing (Tib. འགྱུར་, Wyl. ‘gyur)
  4. slurring (Tib. ཁུག་, Wyl. khug)
  5. high (Tib. ཕྲ་, Wyl. phra)
  6. low (Tib. སྦོམ་, Wyl. sbom) [1]

References

  1. *Khenpo Kunpal, The Nectar of Manjushri’s Speech, a detailed commentary on Shantideva’s Way of the Bodhisattva, page 79. Translated by Padmakara Translation Group. Published by Shambhala. ISBN 978-1-59030-439-6, ISBN 978-1-59030-699-4