Six primary elements

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The six primary elements (Tib. འབྱུང་བ་དྲུག, jungwa druk, Wyl. 'byung ba drug) are:

  • the four primary elements of earth, water, fire and air, plus
  • space (Tib. ནམ་མཁའ་, namkha, nam mkha') and
  • consciousness (Tib. རྣམ་ཤེས་, namshé, rnam shes).