Ten outer benefiting empowerments

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Ten outer benefiting empowerments (Tib. ཕན་པའི་དབང་བཅུ་, penpé wang chu, Wyl. phan pa'i dbang bcu) — ten empowerments for peaceful deities[1] conferred as an entry point to the practice of Mahayoga in order to ripen students who have faith. These ten empowerments are subdivisions of the vase empowerment.

  1. diadem or crown
  2. head ornament or pennants
  3. mala or rosary
  4. armor
  5. victory banner
  6. seals
  7. parasol
  8. vase
  9. food and drink
  10. five essences[2]


  1. Source: Ju Mipham Jampal Gyepa'i Dorje, Essence of Clear Light, trans. by Lama Chönam and Sangye Khandro of the Light of Berotsana Translation Group (Ithaca: Snow Lion, 2010), page 211.
  2. Source for list: Jamgön Kongtrul, The Treasury of Knowledge, Book Six, Part Four: Systems of Buddhist Tantra, translated by Elio Guarisco and Ingrid McLeod (Ithaca: Snow Lion, 2005), page 314.

Further Reading

  • Longchenpa, Dispelling Darkness in the Ten Directions, pages 376-379.