Three major structural themes
As regards the three major structural themes (Tib. ཆིངས་ཆེན་པོ་གསུམ་་, ching chenpo sum; Wyl. chings chen po gsum) used when teaching or explaining a text, one can teach in any of the following three ways:
- dividing the text into sections, which is likened to the leaping of a tigress;
- covering every word of the text, which is compared to the slow crawl of a tortoise; or
- reviewing a section, which is likened to the majestic posture of a lion.
The metaphor is of a lion majestically turning its head and looking behind at the ground it has covered.
- Patrul Rinpoche, Preliminary Points to be Explained when Teaching the Buddha's Word or the Treatises