Bakha Sangngak Chöling

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Bakha Sangngak Chöling

Bakha Sangngak Chöling (Tib. སྦ་ཁ་གསང་སྔགས་ཆོས་གླིང་, Wyl. sba kha gsang sngags chos gling) is a an important Nyingma monastery in Powo, Tibet. It is under the direction of Bhakha Tulku Rinpoche, the tenth incarnation in the Bhakha Tulku line.


Bakha Sangngak Chöling lies close to the town of Kanam in Powo, on the southern side of the Parlung Tsangpo.[1][2]


Legend has it that in the seventh century, Tibet’s reigning emperor, Songtsen Gampo, had sent his most trusted minister to escort his Chinese bride Wengcheng Kongjo from the Tang dynasty court. They fell in love, and the minister conspired to take the most circuitous route back to Lhasa as possible. As they entered the Powo valley, the princess gave birth to their stillborn child and consulted geomantic texts to determine the most auspicious burial site. Centuries later, Bakha (Burial Ground) monastery was built at the site of the grave.[3] The first Bakha Tulku, Rigdzin Yangdak Gyatso (Wyl. rig ‘dzin yang dag rgya mtsho) was born in Nyemo, Central Tibet and became personal teacher to the Kanam Depa of Powo of that time. Thus, Bakha Sangngak Chöling, a predominantly Nyingma monastery, was established.


Bakha Sangngak Chöling is located with the village of Bakha.


Over several centuries, the successive Kanam Depa of Powo acted as a sponsor for the monastery.[4]

Main Linages

The main terma lineages held at Bakha Sangngak Chöling were the following:

Main Teachers

The main incarnation line is the Bakha Tuklku, with ten incarnations up to now. They are seen as incarnations of Vairotsana and Pema Lingpa. The present incarnation, Bhakha Tulku Rinpoche (b.1944) was recognized by the Sixteenth Karmapa, Karmapa Rangjung Rigpé Dorje, in Tsurphu Monastery, and this recognition was also confirmed by Dudjom Rinpoche.

Recent Years

Bakha monastery has been destroyed during the political events of the 1960’s but has been rebuild under the guidance of the present Bakha Tulku.


  1. It is located between 95° and 96° width and 29° height on map of East Tibet, Gecko Maps, A. Rohweder, Switzerland.
  2. Emeric Yeshe Dorje, The History of the Düdjom Tersar Lineage, forthcoming.
  3. Phurbu rdo rje (1988), sPo bo lo rgyus, [History of Powo], Lhasa: bod ljongs mi dmangs dpe skrun khang.
  4. Schwieger, Peter (2002): A Preliminary Historical Outline of the Royal Dynasty of sPo-bo, in: Tractata Tibetica et Mongolica. Festschrift für Klaus Sagaster zum 65. Geburtstag. Wiesbaden, p. 223.