Three purities when making offerings

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Offerings should be made in accordance with the three purities (Tib. དག་པ་གསུམ་, dakpa sum, Wyl. dag pa gsum).

  1. First, one's motivation should be pure (Tib. བསམ་པ་དག་པ་, Wyl. bsam pa dag pa).
  1. Second, the object or field of offering should be pure (Tib. ཞིང་དག་པ་, Wyl. zhing dag pa).
  1. The third purity is that of the offering substances themselves (Tib. དངོས་པ་དག་པ་, Wyl. dngos pa dag pa). An excellent offering is one of good provenance and of immaculate quality, well-prepared or well-arranged. [1]


  1. Khenpo Kunpal, The Nectar of Manjushri’s Speech, a detailed commentary on Shantideva’s Way of the Bodhisattva, p.65/66. Translated by Padmakara Translation Group. Published by Shambhala. ISBN 978-1-59030-439-6, ISBN 978-1-59030-699-4